In 1954, Martin Luther King became pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama. Always a physically powerful worker for social rights for members of his race, King was, by this time, a member of the administrative committee of the Countrywide Association for the Advancement of Painted People, the most important organization of its kind in the nation. He was prepared, then, early in December, 1955, to accept the leadership of the original enormous Negro diplomatic demonstration of up to date times in the Amalgamated States, the bus boycott described by Gunnar Jahn in his presentation speech in honor of the laureate. The boycott lasted 382 days. On December 21, 1956, after the Ultimate Court of the Amalgamated States had confirmed unlawful the laws requiring segregation on buses, Negroes and whites rode the buses as equals. During these days of boycott, King was arrested, his home was bombed, he was subjected to individual abuse, but at the similar time he emerged as a Negro leader of the original rank.
In 1957 he was selected president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, an organization fashioned to provide new leadership for the now rapidly increasing social rights movement. The ideals for this organization he took from Christianity; its prepared techniques from Gandhi. In the eleven – year period between 1957 and 1968, King traveled over six million miles and spoke over twenty – five hundred times, appearing wherever present was injustice, protest, and action; and meanwhile he wrote five books as healthy as plentiful articles. In these years, he led a gigantic protest in Birmingham, Alabama, that fixed the attention of the complete world, providing what he called a coalition of conscience. and inspirational his ” Letter from a Birmingham Jail “, a manifesto of the Negro revolution; he designed the drives in Alabama for the registration of Negroes as voters; he heading for the diplomatic march on Washington, D. C ., of 250, 000 people to whom he delivered his address, ” l Have a Dream “, he conferred with President John F. Kennedy and campaigned for President Lyndon B. Johnson; he was arrested upwards of twenty times and beaten at smallest amount four times; he was awarded five honorary degrees; was named Man of the Year by Time magazine in 1963; and became not only the emblematic leader of American blacks but also a world figure.
At the age of thirty – five, Martin Luther King, Jr ., was the youngest man to have established the Nobel Peace Prize. When notified of his selection, he announced that he would turn over the prize money of $ 54, 123 to the furtherance of the social rights movement.
On the evening of April 4, 1968, while standing on the balcony of his motel room in Memphis, Tennessee, where he was to lead a protest march in sympathy with outstanding garbage workers of that city, he was assassinated.